A long term goal of my laboratory is to understand mechanisms through which inflammation contributes to diseases like atherosclerosis and asthma. Several major research programs are currently under investigation. One research program focuses on the role of myeloperoxidase, a leukocyte heme protein, in promoting oxidant stress in vivo, and its participation in cardiovascular diseases. A second area focuses on HDL structure and function. A final area of research interest focuses on the role of intestinal microbiota in cardiometabolic disease.
All research projects rely heavily on chemical and analytical methods to identify specific reactions/products, their mechanisms of formation, and their use as probes to elaborate pathways responsible for disease. Research efforts in each program span from bench-to-bedside, including basic/genetic, cellular, animal model, and human clinical investigations.
A long term goal of my laboratory is to understand the ways in which our immune system contributes to diseases like heart disease and asthma. I have several major areas of focus. One centers on the role of myeloperoxidase, a protein found in white blood cells that plays an important role in fighting infections, but which we have discovered also participates in development of heart diseases. A second area focuses on the role of microbes in our intestines (called gut flora) in heart disease. Another area focuses on the HDL particle (carrier of good cholesterol in the blood).
Wang Z, Klipfell E, Bennett BJ, Koeth R, Levison BS, Dugar B, Feldstein AE, Britt EB, Fu X, Chung YM, Wu Y, Schauer P, Smith JD, Allayee H, Tang WHW, DiDonato JA, Lusis AJ, Hazen SL. Gut flora metabolism of phosphatidylcholine promotes cardiovascular disease. Nature.(2011) 472(7341):57-63. PMCID: PMC3086762
Tang WH, Wang Z, Levison BS, Koeth RA, Britt EB, Fu X, Wu Y, Hazen SL. Intestinal Microbial Metabolism of Phosphatidylcholine and Cardiovascular Risk. New England Journal of Medicine. (2013) 368(17):1575-84. PMCID: PMC3701945
Koeth RA, Wang Z, Levison BS, Buffa J, Org E, Sheehy B, Li H, Britt EB, Fu X, Wu Y, Smith JD, DiDonato JA, Chen J, Li H, Wu G, Lewis JD, Warrier M, Brown, JM, Krauss RM, Tang WH, Bushman FD, Lusis AJ, and Hazen SL. Intestinal microbiota metabolism of L-Carnitine, a nutrient in red meat, promotes atherosclerosis. Nature Medicine. (2013) 19(5): 576-85. PMCID: PMC36501111
Huang Y, Didonato JA, Levison BS, Schmitt D, Li L, Wu Y, Buffa J, Kim T, Gerstenecker GS, Gu X, Kadiyala CS, Wang Z, Culley MK, Hazen JE, Didonato AJ, Fu X, Berisha SZ, Peng D, Nguyen TT, Liang S, Chuang CC, Cho L, Plow EF, Fox PL, Gogonea V, Tang WH, Parks JS, Fisher EA, Smith JD, Hazen SL. An abundant dysfunctional apolipoprotein A1 form in human atheroma. Nature Medicine. (2014) 20(2):193-203. PMCID: PMC3923163
Gregory JC, Buffa JA, Org E, Wang Z, Levison BS, Zhu W, Wagner MA, Bennett BJ, Li L, DiDonato JA, Lusis AJ, Hazen SL. Transmission of Atherosclerosis Susceptibility with Gut Microbial Transplantation. The Journal of Biological Chemistry. (2015) 290(9):5647-60 PMCID: PMC4342477
Tang WHW, Wang Z, Kennedy DJ, Wu Y, Buffa J, Agatisa-Boyle B, Li XS, Levison BS, Hazen SL. The Gut Microbiota-Dependent Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) Pathway Contributes to both Development of Renal Insufficiency and Mortality Risk in Chronic Kidney Disease. Circulation Research. (2015) 116(3):448-55 PMCID: PMC4312512