Stanley L. Hazen, MD, PhD
The Jan Bleeksma Chair in Vascular Cell Biology and Atherosclerosis
Lerner Research Institute,
9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44195
Phone: (216) 445-9763
A long term goal of my laboratory is to understand mechanisms through which inflammation contributes to diseases like atherosclerosis and asthma. Several major research programs are currently under investigation. One research program focuses on the role of myeloperoxidase, a leukocyte heme protein, in promoting oxidant stress in vivo, and its participation in cardiovascular diseases. A second area focuses on HDL structure and function. A final area of research interest focuses on the role of intestinal microbiota in cardiometabolic disease.
All research projects rely heavily on chemical and analytical methods to identify specific reactions/products, their mechanisms of formation, and their use as probes to elaborate pathways responsible for disease. Research efforts in each program span from bench-to-bedside, including basic/genetic, cellular, animal model, andhuman clinicalinvestigations.
A long term goal of my laboratory is to understand the ways in which our immune system contributes to diseases like heart disease and asthma. I have several major areas of focus. One centers on the role of myeloperoxidase, a protein found in white blood cells that plays an important role in fighting infections, but which we have discovered also participates in development of heart diseases. A second area focuses on the role of microbes in our intestines (called gut flora) in heart disease. Another area focuses on the HDL particle (carrier of good cholesterol in the blood).
Experimental data and computational models for downloading
1) The refined structure of nascent HDL reveals a key functional domain for particle maturation and dysfunction
Wu, Z.; Wagner, M. A.; Zheng, L.; Parks, J. S.; Shy II, J. M.; Smith, J. D.; Gogonea, V.; Hazen, S. L. Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol. 14, 861-8 (2007).
1a) All-atom molecular model of the Solar Flares model of nascent HDL (PDB file) liked to nHDL_SF.pdb
Also available at mi.caspur.it (accession code PM0074956)
2) The double super helix model of high density lipoprotein
Wu, Z.; Gogonea, V.; Lee, X.; Wagner, M. A.; Li, X.-M.; Huang, Y.; Arundhati, U.; May, R. P.; Haertlein, M.; Moulin, M.; Gutsche, I.; Zaccai, G.; DiDonato, J.; Hazen, S. L. J. Biol. Chem. 284, 36605-19 (2009).
Experimental data and computational models:
|2a) Small angle neutron scattering intensities for the protein component of nascent HDL (12 % D2O, collected at the Institute Laue-Langevin, Grenoble, France) linked to nHDL_12_D2O_ILL.dat|
2b)The solution low-resolution structure of the protein component of nascent HDL obtained by small angle neutron scattering with contrast variation (12 % D2O, ILL data, PDB file) linked to nHDL_12_D2O_ILL.pdb
|2c) Small angle neutron scattering intensities for the lipid component of nascent HDL (42 % D2O, collected at the Institute Laue-Langevin, Grenoble, France) linked to nHDL_42_D2O_ILL.dat|
|2d)The solution low-resolution structure of the lipid component of nascent HDL obtained by small angle neutron scattering with contrast variation (42 % D2O, ILL data, PDB file) linked to nHDL_42_D2O_ILL.pdb|
2e) The Double Super Helix model of nascent HDL (PDB file) linked to 3K2S.pdb
Also available at www.rcsb.org (accession code 3K2S)
3) Congruency between biophysical data from multiple platforms and molecular dynamics simulation of the double super helix model of nascent high-density lipoprotein
Gogonea, V.; Wu, Z.; Lee, X.; Pipich, V.; Li, X.-M., Ioffe, I. A.; DiDonato, J.; Hazen, S. L. Biochemistry, 49, 7323-43 (2010).
Experimental and computational models, and data calculated from simulation trajectory:
4) The low resolution structure of ApoA1 in spherical high density lipoprotein revealed by small angle neutron scattering
Wu, Z.; Gogonea, V.; Lee, X.; May, R.P.; Pipich, V.; Wagner, M.A.; Undurti, A.; Tallant, T. C.; Baleanu-Gogonea, C.; Charlton, F.; Ioffe, I. A.; DiDonato, J.A.; Rye, K.-A.; Hazen, S. L. J. Biol. Chem., 286, 12495-508 (2011).
Low resolution structures:
|4a) Small angle neutron scattering intensities for the protein component of spherical HDL (12 % D2O) linked to sHDL_12_D2O.dat|
4b) The solution low-resolution structure of the protein component of spherical HDL obtained by small angle neutron scattering with contrast variation (12 % D2O, PDB file) linked to sHDL_12_D2O.pdb
|4c) Small angle neutron scattering intensities for the lipid component of spherical HDL (42 % D2O) linked to sHDL_42_D2O.dat|
|4d) The solution low-resolution structure of the lipid component of spherical HDL obtained by small angle neutron scattering with contrast variation (42 % D2O, PDB file) linked to sHDL_42_D2O.pdb|
5) The low resolution structure of nascent high density lipoprotein reconstituted with DMPC with and without cholesterol reveals a mechanism for particle expansion
Gogonea, V.; Gerstenecker, G. S.; Wu, Z.; Lee, X.; Topbas, C.; Wagner, M. A.; Tallant, T. C.; Smith J. D.; Callow, P.; Pipich, V.; Malet, H.; Schoehn, G.; DiDonato, J. A.; Hazen, S. L. J. Lipid Res., in print.
Low resolution structures and computational model:
- Wang Z, Klipfell E, Bennett BJ, Koeth R, Levison BS, Dugar B, Feldstein AE, Britt EB, Fu X, Chung YM, Wu Y, Schauer P, Smith JD, Allayee H, Tang WHW, DiDonato JA, Lusis AJ, Hazen SL. Gut flora metabolism of phosphatidylcholine promotes cardiovascular disease. Nature.(2011) 472(7341):57-63. PMCID: PMC3086762
- Tang WH, Wang Z, Levison BS, Koeth RA, Britt EB, Fu X, Wu Y, Hazen SL. Intestinal Microbial Metabolism of Phosphatidylcholine and Cardiovascular Risk. New England Journal of Medicine. (2013) 368(17):1575-84. PMCID: PMC3701945
- Koeth RA, Wang Z, Levison BS, Buffa J, Org E, Sheehy B, Li H, Britt EB, Fu X, Wu Y, Smith JD, DiDonato JA, Chen J, Li H, Wu G, Lewis JD, Warrier M, Brown, JM, Krauss RM, Tang WH, Bushman FD, Lusis AJ, and Hazen SL. Intestinal microbiota metabolism of L-Carnitine, a nutrient in red meat, promotes atherosclerosis. Nature Medicine. (2013) 19(5): 576-85. PMCID: PMC36501111
- Huang Y, Didonato JA, Levison BS, Schmitt D, Li L, Wu Y, Buffa J, Kim T, Gerstenecker GS, Gu X, Kadiyala CS, Wang Z, Culley MK, Hazen JE, Didonato AJ, Fu X, Berisha SZ, Peng D, Nguyen TT, Liang S, Chuang CC, Cho L, Plow EF, Fox PL, Gogonea V, Tang WH, Parks JS, Fisher EA, Smith JD, Hazen SL. An abundant dysfunctional apolipoprotein A1 form in human atheroma. Nature Medicine. (2014) 20(2):193-203. PMCID: PMC3923163
- Gregory JC, Buffa JA, Org E, Wang Z, Levison BS, Zhu W, Wagner MA, Bennett BJ, Li L, DiDonato JA, Lusis AJ, Hazen SL. Transmission of Atherosclerosis Susceptibility with Gut Microbial Transplantation. The Journal of Biological Chemistry. (2015) 290(9):5647-60 PMCID: PMC4342477
- Tang WHW, Wang Z, Kennedy DJ, Wu Y, Buffa J, Agatisa-Boyle B, Li XS, Levison BS, Hazen SL. The Gut Microbiota-Dependent Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) Pathway Contributes to both Development of Renal Insufficiency and Mortality Risk in Chronic Kidney Disease. Circulation Research. (2015) 116(3):448-55 PMCID: PMC4312512
New preclinical findings from Cleveland Clinic researchers show for the first time that the gut microbiome impacts stroke severity and functional impairment following stroke. The results, published in Cell Host & Microbe, lay the groundwork for potential new interventions to help treat or prevent stroke.
A Cleveland Clinic-led study has identified a new diet-associated gut microbe linked with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and related events, including myocardial infarction, stroke and death.
In the past decade, researchers have begun to uncover the vastly complex interactions between the gut microbiome and human health. In particular, recent landmark studies from Cleveland Clinic have demonstrated a critical link between microbial pathways and the development of cardio-metabolic diseases. Lerner Research Institute’s Stanley Hazen, MD, PhD, is a pioneer in the study of the microbiome’s role in heart disease and was recently awarded more than $12 million from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to pursue further studies in that vein.
In concurrent studies, Cleveland Clinic researchers have uncovered new mechanisms that demonstrate why and how regularly eating red meat can increase the risk of heart disease, and the role gut bacteria play in that process.
Cleveland Clinic researchers have designed a potential new class of drugs that may reduce cardiovascular risk by targeting a specific microbial pathway in the gut.