Our laboratory studies nitric oxide (NO) biosynthesis in mammals. NO is made by an enzyme named NO synthase, and is involved in many aspects of cell function and disease, including signal transduction in the brain, control of blood pressure and heart rate, gastric motility, oxygen delivery, immunologic destruction of tumor cells and microbes, infertility, impotence, and stroke. We study how NO biosynthesis takes place at the molecular level and how it is regulated, and also study the impact of NO synthesis on certain aspects of cells and tissues. Our interests include the NO synthase enzyme chemistry, understanding how the enzyme’s protein structure relates to its function, and learning how other cellular proteins can interact with NO synthase to control its activity. We are also studying how NO regulates heme insertion into cellular proteins, and how protein nitration, which is a downstream consequence of NO production, takes place in cells, is regulated, and how it may control protein functions in cells and tissues.
Sweeny EA, Singh AB, Chakravarti R, Martinez-Guzman O, Saini A, Haque MM, Garee G, Dans PD, Hannibal L, Reddi AR, Stuehr DJ.
J Biol Chem. 2018 Sep 14;293(37):14557-14568. doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA118.004169. Epub 2018 Jul 16.
Ghosh A, Garee G, Sweeny EA, Nakamura Y, Stuehr DJ.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Feb 6;115(6):E1117-E1126. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1717993115. Epub 2018 Jan 22.
Ramasamy S, Haque MM, Gangoda M, Stuehr DJ.
FEBS J. 2016 Dec;283(24):4491-4501. doi: 10.1111/febs.13933. Epub 2016 Nov 18.
Ghosh A, Koziol-White CJ, Asosingh K, Cheng G, Ruple L, Groneberg D, Friebe A, Comhair SA, Stasch JP, Panettieri RA Jr, Aronica MA, Erzurum SC, Stuehr DJ.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Apr 26;113(17):E2355-62. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1524398113. Epub 2016 Apr 11.
Ghosh A, Stuehr DJ.
Antioxid Redox Signal. 2017 Feb 1;26(4):182-190. doi: 10.1089/ars.2016.6690. Epub 2016 May 2.
He Y, Haque MM, Stuehr DJ, Lu HP.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Sep 22;112(38):11835-40. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1508829112. Epub 2015 Aug 26.
Dennis Stuehr, PhD, Department of Inflammation & Immunity, was recently awarded a four-year, $1.9 million grant from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, part of the National Institutes of Health, to investigate how hemeproteins contribute to a host of biological processes critical for life, and may be associated with a broad number of clinically relevant diseases, including asthma, autoimmune disorders, bacterial infections and more.
The American Chemical Society (Cleveland Section) awarded the 2018 Edward W. Morley Medal to Dennis Stuehr, PhD, Lerner Research Institute Department of Inflammation and Immunity.
Published online January 22 in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Cleveland Clinic researchers describe for the first time how hemoglobin (Hb) forms and matures. Up until now, this process was only partially understood. Understanding how Hb is formed is critical to treating blood disorders, and research suggests may have implications for cancer treatment.